Ignite Athens 2012 : From WWW To GGG

From WWW, the uncharted World Wide Web, to GGG the charted Giant Global Graph

7 minute read

Introduction

In the history of human mankind, map has always been of primary importance for any kind of human exploration. From the era of great maritime explorers to the era of brain and genome mapping, cartography has continually changed in order to meet the demands of map users. Nevertheless semantic and concept mapping of data on two or three dimensions has several challenging problems to attack. Naming and complexity of objects on the map, representation of relations, layout and presentation, navigation and editing, are among a few to consider.

Despite the difficulties that arise on the visualisation part of information architecture, the central issue lies elsewhere. We argue, that the cornerstone for building the next generation of information systems, including the internet, is a well defined and standardised unit for measurement and exchange of information. The equivalent notion of an atomic unit at the data level for computers is indeed one of the most impressive characteristics of our digital information age. It is based on the power of abstraction we apply to a series of two digits only, 0 and 1, in order to conceptualize visually and aurally human information. Files and documents, databases and programming languages, web applications and services, email and digital media, enhance the way we communicate with others. Our perceptibility for the world around us is strengthened.

In computers, information is always encoded in a binary data format and it is processed accordingly. But the presentation of information to humans is dependent on the use of it. This becomes most evident when we compare a computer programmer with the end-user of an application. A programmer can read and understand code in many programming languages, he can process the content of a file in many different formats. He uses various forms of symbol representation to manage information and interact with the machine. Indeed, in the history of computer science there are numerous examples of handlers that play such a role, e.g. file and folder refer to data stored permanently, URL addresses refer to web resources, primary and foreign keys refer to tables of data, names for classes and objects refer to the encapsulated data and methods.

In all cases the common ground for representation of information, the vehicle of information communication, appears to be some symbol, a”sign” according to Peirce theory. Fortunately that “sign” has already been modelled in a standard way that of Topic Maps ISO/IEC 13250. Nevertheless what has not been realised so far in computer systems is the concept, i.e. topic, centric use of applications. Within this perspective there is a clear distinction between an existing digitised information resource, e.g. web document, and the abstract notion of a concept, e.g. wikipedia, where the first is linked to the second. Instead of that, proponents of semantic web contemplate linking everything as a resource. As a result we are still revolving around web documents with metadata that describe them. We can escape from this fallacy. Imagine a global network of linked topics and a tour guide from WWW to GGG, from the world of linked documents to the world of linked concepts and subjects. You journey has just begun.

Pitch

Ignite is a fast-paced geek event started by Brady Forrest, Technology Evangelist for O’Reilly Media, and Bre Pettis of marketbomb.com. Ignite is a global event, organized by volunteers, where participants are given five minutes to speak about their ideas and personal or professional passions, accompanied by 20 slides. Each slide is displayed for 15 seconds, and slides are automatically advanced. The following video is an off-line screencast from a rehearsal of my talk. You may also visit the official live performance of my pitch recorded at the first Ignite event in Athens that took place on the 20th of September 2012.

Cross-References

R3DM Project Posts

2018

Relational Data Model: Back to the roots
Important design and implementation principle arising from studying relational data model theory
Important design and implementation principle arising from studying relational data model theory

Build valuable relations; establish effective communications
A post that explains our philosophy and goals behind HEALIS products
A post that explains our philosophy and goals behind HEALIS products

TRIADB at Connected Data London
My speech at Connected Data London conference and demos of TRIADB implementation on Intersystems Cache DBMS
My speech at Connected Data London conference and demos of TRIADB implementation on Intersystems Cache DBMS

2017

The wizards of stored computer program and the next generation of programmers
The fundamental aspect that software pioneers have been missing when they invented new programming languages or new nosql databases
Have you noticed that what ever the model and data structure in databases we cannot escape from the fundamental principle of managing data allocation space with references, i.e. pointer based logic, memory addressing ?

Associative Semiotic Hypergraph API in Mathematica for Next-Generation BI Systems
European Wolfram Technology Conference 19-20 June 2017 in Amsterdam
My speech at European Wolfram Technology Conference 2017 about a new data modeling framework R3DM/S3DM that is implemented on top of OrientDB graph database and coded in Wolfram Mathematica

Are our old data model standards out of shape ?
An overview of critical points to consider when modeling with R3DM/S3DM
Both Topic Maps and RDF/OWL exhibit signs of aging. These signs do not indicate maturity levels but on the contrary they signal a re-examination of the data modeling, information representation problem

The three dimensions of AI and a fourth one as the key to unlock them
Comments on a review of AI by John Launchbury, special assistant to DIRO, DARPA
Although there has been significant progress with first and second generation AI systems in reasoning, learning and perceiving, abstraction has not been part of the game. The mechanism of abstraction can unify these other three processes.

Associative Data Modelling Demystified: Part 6/6
Demonstration of a new data model framework that transforms OrientDB into a HyperGraph Database
Demonstration of a new data model framework that transforms OrientDB into a HyperGraph Database

Data Modelling Topologies of a Graph Database
Definition and Classification of Graph Databases into Three Categories
The associative data graph database model is still a heavy hitter, stacking up well against property graphs and triples/quadruples. Expect a comeback.

A Quick Guide on How to Prevail in the Graph Database Arena
A brief discussion on criteria to meet a differentiation strategy for graph databases
A swift introduction to the key factors that influence the performance and unification character of graph databases

Associative Data Modeling Demystified: Part 5/6
Qlik Associative Model
Qlik's competitive advantage over other BI tools is that it manages associations in memory at the engine level and not at the application level. Every data point in every field of a table is associated with every other data point anywhere in the entire schema.

2016

Associative Data Modeling Demystified: Part 4/6
Association in RDF Data Model
In this article we will see how we can define an association in RDF and what are the differences with other data models that we analyzed in previous posts of our series

Do you Understand Many-to-Many Relationships ?
Associative entities are represented differently in various data models
It is 2016 and in my opinion the situation with associative entities has become darn confusing. Edges of a Property Graph data model are bidirectional but RDF links are unidirectional.

Associative Data Modeling Demystified: Part 3/6
Association in Property Graph Data Model
In this article, we continue our investigation with the Property Graph Data model. We discuss how a many-to-many relationship is represented and compare its structure in other data models

Associative Data Modeling Demystified: Part 2/6
Association in Topic Map Data Model
In this post, we demonstrate how Topic Map data model represents associations. In order to link the two, we continue with another SQL query from our relational database

Associative Data Modeling Demystified: Part 1/6
Relation, Relationship and Association
In this article, we introduce the concept of association from the perspective of Entity-Relationship (ER) data model and illustrate it with the modeling of a toy dataset

2015

Plerophoria vs Information
The ancient Greek origin of the word information
The ancient Greek origin of the word information

Towards a New Data Modelling Architecture
Part 2: Atomic Information Resource (AIR)
We introduce the Atomic Information Resource (AIR) unit of R3DM conceptual framework

Towards a New Data Modelling Architecture
Part1 - Relational/ER Constructs in Wolfram Language
We start with terms and constructs that most of us are familiar with from the Relational and Entity-Relationship database management systems

2014

R3DM/S3DM Illustration and Formalization
Old wiki pages and LinkedIn posts ported from neurorganon.org and linkedin.com
Old wiki pages and LinkedIn posts ported from neurorganon.org and linkedin.com

2013

R3DM in TMDM
Old wiki pages on R3DM ported from neurorganon.org, examples of R3DM in TMDM
Old wiki pages on R3DM ported from neurorganon.org, examples of R3DM in TMDM

R3DM Questions and Answers
Old wiki pages on R3DM ported from neurorganon.org
Old wiki pages on R3DM ported from neurorganon.org

URIs for Real-World Objects
The problem of information resources definition, representation and identification
The problem of information resources definition, representation and identification

2012

Ignite Athens 2012 : From WWW To GGG
My first pitch at Ignite Athens on 20th of September 2012 about Neurorganon Upper Level Ontology (NULON)
My first pitch at Ignite Athens on 20th of September 2012 about Neurorganon Upper Level Ontology (NULON)